Shining Rock Wilderness Area - Pisgah National Forest


Shining Rock became one of the original components of the Wilderness System in September 1964. It is the largest Wilderness area in North Carolina. Many mountains in the Wilderness exceed 5,000 feet and three peaks exceed 6,000 feet.

Current view of Cold Mountain and the Shining Rock Wilderness
Current view of Cold Mountain, in the Shining Rock Wilderness.

The Shining Rock Ledge (or ridge) forms the backbone of this area. A series of high ridges extends east and west from the north-south oriented Shining Rock Ledge. The Pigeon River drains this area with many tributaries starting on the high mountains, and it splits around this area into the East and West Forks.

In this area, the mountains and the Blue Ridge Parkway forms a big "U" and the Shining Rock wilderness occupies the eastern half of the U. The Middle Prong wilderness occupies the western half, and right down the middle runs NC route 215, which is the only thing that separates the two wilderness areas. Most of the mountains are steep and rugged. But where the Shining Rock Ledge meets the Pisgah Ledge at Black Balsam Mountain to the south (the bottom of the U), there are relatively level areas and high valleys such as Graveyard Fields and Flat Laurel Creek on either side.

Fall Color on the Big East Fork
Fall color on the Big East Fork of the Pigeon River in the Shining Rock Wilderness Area

Hiking Trails

There are three main access points for trails within this Wilderness. First and foremost is the Black Balsam area near the Blue Ridge Parkway. Although Black Balsam is not part of the Wilderness itself, the Art Loeb (moderate) and Ivestor Gap (easy) trails lead into the wilderness area from there. (Everything beyond Ivestor Gap is inside the wilderness). This trailhead receives a tremendous amount of use, but for good reason, since easy hikes in the beautiful high elevation areas start there.

Another popular trailhead is located at the crossing of the Big East Fork Pigeon River by US Hwy. 276. Several longer trails head up the into the heart of the wilderness from there, marked by beginnings that are relatively easy, becoming more and more difficult the further you travel.

On the west side of the river, the Shining Creek trail connects to the Art Loeb trail near Shining Rock itself, making for a strenuous summit hike from the Big East Fork trailhead. The Old Butt Knob trail forms a loop with Shining Creek trail on the ridge to its north, providing a ridge-top route. You can hike to Shining Rock via that path or make a strenuous loop in the heart of the wilderness by combining these two trails.

The Big East Fork trail connects to the Mountains to Sea Trail after exiting the wilderness to the south near the Blue Ridge Parkway. However, leading west (and back into the heart of the wilderness) about 3/4 of the way to its end is the Greasy Cove trail, a strenuous climb that winds up on the Art Loeb near Ivestor Gap. It can be combined with Shining Creek farther north via the Art Loeb for a long loop hike.

Finally, for those wishing to summit a 6000' peak by starting at its base, try the trailhead at the base of Cold Mountain at Camp Daniel Boone. The Art Loeb trail makes its final (or initial) pitch up the side of Cold Mountain, and the Cold Mountain trail takes you the final distance to the peak. Trails starting at this trailhead are all strenuous - it's almost 11 miles round-trip to the summit.

View of Shining Rock
View of Shining Rock glinting in the sun from Black Balsam Mountain, with the meadows on Tennent Mountain in the fore.

Places to Stay


Big East Fork trail in fall color.
Big East Fork trail in fall color.

Dispersed camping is allowed anywhere in the Shining Rock Wilderness, but there are some things you should keep in mind.

As of March 2015, bear canisters are required for dispersed camping in Shining Rock Wilderness. All bear canisters must be commercially made; constructed of solid, non-pliable material manufactured for the specific purpose of resisting entry by bears.

The high ridges between Black Balsam Mountain and Shining Rock have some great campsites, but they're open and very exposed. Temperature will be much colder up there than at lower elevations. Water can be non-existent during dry periods on these high areas, and they are extremely crowded, so finding a spot to plop your tent can become a challenge!

Creekside sites can be nicely situated, but be careful of the potential for flash flooding. Keep food and human waste far from streams to prevent contamination and treat all water before drinking.

Because of the catastrophic fires of the previous century (which created the mountain balds), campfires are prohibited within the Shining Rock Wilderness Area. Use a camp stove for cooking instead.

If you're traveling with a group, the maximum group size is limited to 10 people.

Looking to do a day hike in Shining Rock instead? The closest developed campgrounds are at Davidson River, Mount Pisgah and Sunburst, all within about 20 minutes' drive of the trailheads.


There are many lodging options in the surrounding towns of Canton, Waynesville, Brevard, and Asheville.