Shortoff Mountain Hike

Climbing one of the most prominent peaks on the rim of the Linville Gorge, this hike takes you to the plateau-summit of Shortoff Mountain. A fire scalded environment lines the trail as it ascends the rocky slopes, with an open forest of young trees and native herbs gradually filling in the gaps the fire left behind. The lack of tall trees means views abound the whole way up; these views only become more dramatic at the cliff-top overlooks near the top. An unusual natural pond followed by a dramatic view up the Linville Gorge cap off the list of features you'll find on this wonderful hike.

At A Glance

More Difficult 5.1 mi round-trip

Difficulty Rating: 8.07
Tread Condition: Moderately Rough
Climb: Climbs Moderately
Lowest Elevation: 1800 ft
Highest Elevation: 2975 ft
Climb Total: 1200 ft
Configuration: Out-and-back
Starting Point: Wolf Pit Trailhead at the southeast end of Linville Gorge

Trails Used: Shortoff Mountain, Mountains to Sea Section 4

Hike Start Location


From Asheville, take I-40 east about 40 mi to exit 94. Turn left on Dysartsville road and go about 0.7 mi. Turn left on US 70 West and go 1.7 mi. Turn right on Bridgewater Rd and go 1.3 mi. (Follow signs for Lake James State Park). Turn left on Benfields Landing Road and go 2.2 mi, passing Lake James. Turn right on NC 126 East and go 6.6 mi to Wolf Pit Road on the left. Turn left on Wolf Pit road and go 2.5 miles to the end. (Wolf Pit road can be a bit bumpy, but is accessible to passenger cars). Parking is available at the turn-around at the end of Wolf Pit Road.


Hike Description

Shortoff Mountain Trailhead
Shortoff Mountain Trailhead

Begin the hike at the back of the parking lot behind the trail sign. The trail starts uphill immediately. And it continues that way all the way to the top. It's never a steep climb, but it never lets up, either. On a positive note, you never lose elevation that you have to make back up again on the way down, and the climb is followed by a very pleasant level walk on top of the ridge. But the first half of the hike is, truly, all uphill.

There's forest at the beginning of the hike, but its tenuous grasp on the landscape gives way quickly to brush and small trees, many of them dead, in the fire-scalded area to the right (uphill side) of the trail. Areas along this hike have burned several times over the last couple of decades, most recently in 2017. You'll see many stages of how a forest recovers after wildfire on this route.

The trail follows an old road at first. Less than 0.2 mi from the parking area, the trail veers right, uphill, onto an old jeep path ascending the ridge. A lesser-used trail continues straight ahead, and the junction has signs, unlike many such junctions in wilderness areas. Though the entire hike technically passes through designated wilderness, you should have little trouble staying on track.

The trail ascends a low ridge coming off the toe of Shortoff Mountain. Since there are few trees, you'll start to get views toward Lake James and the Piedmont region almost immediately. And just as impressive are the views up Shortoff's rocky slopes far above. Look for lush ferns growing beneath stands of shortleaf and Table Mountain pine trees, which may eventually grow over the trail to conceal the views in the coming years. Mountain laurel and rhododendron, which refuse to disappear from the landscape and grow back quickly even when scorched by fire, bloom profusely along the trail in late Spring.

The trail reaches a point where the small ridge melds into the side of Shortoff Mountain, and it angles left into a cove. A few taller surviving trees tower over a prominent boulder in this little sheltered area where a semblance of the Southern Appalachian forests that once covered this mountain has partly survived. But it's a short departure from the shrubby norm as you wind your way back onto Shortoff's main slope.

You'll begin ascending a series of 4 switchbacks on the steepest part of the mountain. A seasonal stream may be heard off to the left, and the trail can be a little wet in places. There are cliffs at roughly this elevation both east and west of here, but this aspect of the slope is gentle enough that the trail was able to be routed back and forth in the soil. The unusual fire-impacted landscape of lush young growth with open areas, dead snags, the occasional taller living tree, and near continuous views makes it easy to forget the climb and really enjoy this part of the hike.

After the 4th switchback (left), you'll be heading in a generally westerly direction but the trail will swing back gradually north as you approach the summit. The slope is not as steep here. About 0.2 mi beyond the last switchback, you'll reach a junction with the Mountains to Sea Trail, which goes straight ahead (uphill) and left (downhill). (To the right is an abandoned, overgrown old jeep road leading to the summit). Continue straight ahead; you are now following the Mountains to Sea Trail. It's about 1/2 mi to the summit plateau from here.

A series of rock steps near some neat layered outcrops signal that you're nearing the elevation of the summit plateau. Before you reach it, though, a short side path to the left leads to a cliff-top view into the lower end of Linville Gorge with a peak named Pinnacle being the triangular opposing summit on the ridge across the river, with the higher Blue Ridge and distant Black Mountains looming farther behind. Use caution at the overlook - there's plenty of room to enjoy the view, so don't go near the edge.

Mountains to Sea Trail along Shortoff's Cliffs
Mountains to Sea Trail along Shortoff's Cliffs

The trail is now heading generally north along just below the rim of the gorge, which at this point consists of pretty much just cliffs, but there is plenty of room for the trail to find purchase, limiting any exposure to the normal kind you find on many trails (stay on the path and you'll be fine). Just ahead you will cross a cleft where water gathers and trickles across the trail from a spring, called "gully pipe".

Unburned Carolina Hemlock
Unburned Carolina Hemlock

This water then drops precipitously down into said gully going down into the gorge at a point where you have to step across onto a narrow-ish ledge. I wouldn't go so far as to label it "dangerous", but this one stretch of trail warrants a little bit of caution, especially if you have managed to convince kids (or bribed them with snacks, like I do!) to hike up here with you.

Past the gully pipe, which is enveloped in a miraculously surviving patch of Hemlock (in that they've survived both the fires and a Hemlock Wooly Adelgid infestation), you'll come out on the summit plateau. The terrain is remarkably flat, and you'll climb only another 50 feet or so over the last just-over-1/2 mile of trail. The areas of overcooked ground continue more or less unabated although there are probably more patches of surviving trees on top of the mountain than there are down on its nose.

In this fire-adapted landscape, you may spot some native plants - including some threatened or endangered species - which are now thriving in the open sunshine. Shortoff Mountain has experienced natural wildfires about once every decade, historically, meaning it is a haven for fire-adapted or even fire-dependent native species. Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens) regenerates after fires open its serotinous cones, allowing the seeds to spread onto the bare soil. Other herbaceous species, such as the endangered mountain golden heather (Hudsonia montana) grow prolifically in the area after a fire, and native grasses such as Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) benefit from the clearing effects of periodic fire as well. Other regional species not especially dependent on fire, such as mountain laurel, simply tolerate it and re-sprout prolifically from living rootstock as if nothing happened after one kills back their stems. Look for these and many more as you pass through the landscape.

You'll pass a fantastic cliff-top, gorge-rim campsite on the left (close enough to gully pipe to use that as the water source). Note: thinking about camping here, or anywhere in Linville Gorge Wilderness? You'll need a camping permit from May 1 through October 31. Contact Pisgah National Forest's Grandfather Ranger District office for details (828-652-4841).

Beyond the campsite, the trail turns right, even heading south a bit, as it makes the final gentle ascent to the southern high point of Shortoff. It's unremarkable and you probably won't even notice it. Just keep going.

By the time you start heading ever so slightly downhill, you'll enter a patch of taller trees. Start looking on the left for the anomalous natural pond which resides way up here about 0.4 mi past the campsite. Not only are natural ponds almost non-existent in the southern Appalachians (all bodies of water you'll see are man-made reservoirs except this and maybe one or two more), it's remarkable that it can be found way up here on this flat-topped mountain. It just seems so out of place, and that's part of what gives it charm. The water is very shallow, and much of it is filled with grass and shrubs. But about 5500 sq ft of open water can be found when there's not a drought, and it stays filled most of the time. It is absolutely teeming with life.

Pond on Shortoff Mountain
Pond on Shortoff Mountain

Continue on the Mountains to Sea Trail about 0.1 mi past the pond to a side trail on the left. This leads about 250 ft to another cliff-top view facing northwest, across the river to Linville Mountain and up the gorge to prominent peaks on the east rim including Table Rock and Hawkbill Mountain. This is widely considered to be one of the best views of the Gorge, an assessment with which I strongly agree. Again, use caution - there is plenty of room away from the cliff edge to enjoy the view!

This overlook marks the end of this hike as described, although the Mountains to Sea Trail does continue north, making much longer (up to multi-day) hikes possible. For our purposes, you'll want to follow the path you came on back to the parking area: return to the Mountains to Sea trail, turn right, go back past the pond, and descend Shortoff Mountain, making sure to keep left at the Mountains to Sea Trail/Shortoff Mountain trail junction, and left again at the old road, to finish the hike.

View of Linville Gorge from Shortoff Mountain
View of Linville Gorge from Shortoff Mountain

All Photos from This Hike

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Average Rating: 5.0 (rated 3 times)

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Brody Edwards said: Is there anywhere near the trail head to park and camp with a few friends? Not a designated camping area per say?

Thursday, August 22 2019 2:37pm

[Site Admin] Jordan M. said: @Ed Boon and @Timothy Hall, yes, I've double-checked using my latest GPS data and the total mileage to the top of Shortoff (the overlook past the pond) is about 2.55 mi. That does bring the total up to 5.1 mi (including the little spur to the overlook both ways). That is a bit more than the 4.5 mi I listed initially so I've updated the hike details - but you definitely don't have to do 6 miles one-way to get to the great views! Of course, the Chimneys is also a great hike but in a different league. Hope this helps!

Wednesday, July 18 2018 1:43am

Timothy Hall said: To Ed Boon, the mileage threw me off too. I hiked it on 6/6/18, thinking I'd turn around at the top of Shortoff, but I went 6 miles total out to reach what's called The Chimneys. There's no signs telling you you're at the top of shortoff, but apparently once you reach the overlook just past the pond it's considered the end. However, the trail (mountains to sea) keeps going. I did 6 miles out and 6 miles back, and it took a little over 6 hours to complete. I don't recall the mileage to the pond, but it seemed like a couple of miles at least. You can definitely get an eye full if you went to just past the pond and turned around. However, it will take almost 3 more miles to reach another fantastic open view. It's a lot of work to get to the Chimneys, but I felt it was worth it. If you go that far out, I recommend leaving early in the day, and take a lot of water! The only knock I have about this trail is there's no signs informing you where you are, what you're seeing, mileage, etc. Only white trail dots indicating where to go. Enjoy!

Thursday, June 7 2018 8:50pm

Ed Boon said: To answer my own question I guess the hike on the other site just continues on farther. So I'll ask if from the standpoint of views does the added millage up there offer a lot more in the way of views?

Sunday, April 22 2018 1:39am

Ed Boon said: This hike is listed at 4.5 miles. Another website from the same starting point lists it at 7.5. Do you have any clarification on this? Thanks.

Saturday, April 21 2018 10:12pm

[Site Admin] Jordan M. said: @Maddie Fry, those pictures are from May 2017 so they're pretty recent. Aside from some growth over last summer things should look pretty much the same and the trail is in good shape!

Wednesday, April 4 2018 3:03pm

Maddie Fry said: This trail is absolutely amazing. For those wondering about this year's conditions, I was there in July. There is still a lot of evidence of the fire, but new growth is abundant. There are lots of wild blueberries there in the summer!

Friday, March 2 2018 6:45pm

Madison Bishop said: Hi there! Are these pictures from this year? My friend and I are planning on doing this hike on Saturday, and I want to make sure it's open. Also, if you have any more advice for us feel free to share! Thanks so much!

Wednesday, February 21 2018 3:56pm

Shayne MacKinnon said: As a resident of the area. We live off Wolf Pit Rd and enjoy sharing our mountain to all who want to enjoy it. The road in (Wolf Pit) is a State/Federal rd. It has fallen into a sad shape. We have started a petition to submit to our Representatives to get some agency to take up repair and maintenance of Wolf Pit. Please sign

Friday, February 9 2018 1:12am
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