Panthertown Valley Tour Hike

At A Glance

More Difficult 8.8 - 10.0 mi round-trip

Tread Condition: Moderately Rough
Climb: Hilly
Lowest Elevation: 3660
Highest Elevation: 4210
Total Elevation Gain: 1120
Configuration: Loop with out-and-back extensions
Starting Point: Cold Mountain Trailhead

Trails Used: Wilderness Falls, Deep Gap, Great Wall, Panthertown Valley, Big Green, Greenland Creek, Granny Burrell Falls, Mac's Gap

Synopsis

This is a large loop with a wide variety of main attractions. The trails will take you past lazy, meandering streams with clean white sandbars, yet you'll discover 5 major waterfalls as well. You'll explore the unusual, flat-bottomed, high-elevation valley and 300-foot high granite domes standing guard over it. Sheer cliffs offer great views of the unique area. Carnivorous plants grow among thick blankets of sphagnum moss, and rare and endangered species exist in the moist spray-cliff communities and on the dry, windy granitic domes as well. Be sure to bring your camera on this long hike!

Details

Hike Description

Schoolhouse Falls
Schoolhouse Falls, your first destination on the hike.
Schoolhouse Falls
Front view of Schoolhouse Falls, showing its neat, large plunge pool.

Begin the hike on the Panthertown Valley trail (#474). This trail begins near the back-right of the parking area as you drove in. It starts out uphill, but shortly levels out and begins heading downhill through a forest of young hardwoods. You will quickly arrive at a small branch, cross on a wooden footbridge, then meet a gravel road 0.1 mile from the start of the hike. The trail turns left here.

The trail follows the old road, which starts out level but begins a gentle downhill grade. You will pass under the power transmission line Duke Power ran through the valley in the late 1980's, where the forest is periodically killed to keep it from contacting the wires. You will pass an old sign board, then reach a switchback to the left where a small relay station of some sort is on your right. You may also notice a trail heading right at this point; don't take it - continue on the road around the switchback.

The road will reach another switchback, this time to the right. Continue for another 0.4 mile until you reach a footbridge over tranquil Panthertown Creek. Here is your first glimpse of the tea-colored water which is characteristic of this valley. It results from various kinds of leaves and pine needles steeping in the water as it pools and slowly seeps through boggy areas upstream, like tea leaves in a cup of tea. The water is actually high-quality despite its brown appearance and it is not indicative of pollution upstream (at least not on Greenland Creek).

Just beyond the bridge, turn left onto the Little Green trail (#485). This goes about 0.1 mile to Schoolhouse Falls, then veers left, up the mountain. The trail has been recently re-routed, and graveled, improving its condition. However, it has also been poached by horses, and they have dug a few large, sticky mud holes. A long, sturdy boardwalk is on the trail just before you reach the falls, and a small brook runs beneath and then beside it. Where the trail starts up the mountain, stay left; a small set of steps will deposit you at a large gravel bar at the edge of a large, round pool, opposite the falls. The pool makes a good place to swim in the summer, and the gravel bar is the natural choice for a hanging-out spot.

The creek flows around the gravel bar to your left facing the falls. You can cross there, and pick up a rough path up to the falls beneath a dripping, overhanging bluff. You can actually go behind the falls, but be careful not to trample anything green - moss, plants, etc. - as they form a fragile and rare spray cliff community which only exists on the rocks surrounding waterfalls. You could also swim up to the falls during low or normal water flow - even stand under them if you don't mind getting wet and pounded by the cold falling water!

Return to the Panthertown Valley trail, and turn left. The trail here follows Greenland Creek downstream (level, really) for a ways and this section of trail used to be very wet and muddy. Fortunately, the trail has received extensive work and it is in fairly good shape now.

About 0.4 miles from after you return to the Panthertown Valley trail, you'll reach another footbridge - at the junction of Panthertown and Greenland Creeks. Their confluence marks the start of the Tuckaseegee River, which heads downstream over several smaller waterfalls (not visited by this hike).

Sandbar Pool
The Panthertown Valley trail passes Sandbar Pool on Panthertown Creek.

The trail swings left after the footbridge and begins following Panthertown Creek upstream through a nearly level valley. A nice campsite is on the left just past the bridge. Keep left at the junction with Powerline Road Trail (#451) to stay on the Panthertown Valley trail.

Hemlocks, white pines, various hardwoods and thickets of hemlock and rhododendron line the trail here. It's mostly smooth and nearly level, with only a few rocky, sandy, or wet sections. Boggy areas line the trail as well, and you'll see sphagnum moss growing thickly in its preferred wet environment. In drier areas, and in some of the white pine plantations that you'll pass through, the ground is covered with ground pine (running cedar), a clubmoss which is fairly common and widespread throughout these mountains.

The white pines were planted about 30 years ago as Christmas tree farms, but were never harvested, and today they make thick, attractive groves (albeit lacking much biodiversity). To your left, the stream winds lazily through the woods and large sandbars line the banks in places. A large one, coupled with a wide, deep pool below a tiny cascade, is appropriately named Sandbar Pool. It makes a fantastic place to stop, eat a sandwich, take a swim, or a few photos before continuing on the trail.

Panthertown Valley Trail
A nice section of the Panthertown Valley Trail.

The trail begins climbing gently, and then abruptly becomes more steep, indicating the approach of your next turn. At the intersection with Mac's Gap trail (#482), turn left.

This is a wide trail - another old road. It soon passes through a thick white pine plantation, where the undergrowth disappears and it becomes easy to lose track of the trail. Follow the blazes carefully through the pines. The trail generally sticks to the right (southwest) edge of the patch of pines.

After emerging from the pines, the trail descends to a crossing of Panthertown Creek on a wide, rickety old wooden bridge. The bridge is at a spot where the creek looks more like it's flowing through the coastal plain than at 3600 ft elevation in the mountains.

Just past the bridge, turn right onto the (much narrower) Granny Burrell Falls trail (#486). You can hear the waterfall upstream if you listen carefully. The trail twists through the thickets along the creek, and gets extremely muddy in spots, before coming up alongside Granny Burrell Falls. A short side path leads to the middle of the falls.

The waterfall consists of a short slide into a small pool, then a very long, gentler slide over a wide rock into a huge pool with a long sandbar at the far end. You can walk up the rock to the main drop or down to the pool with no trouble if it is dry and the water level is low to normal. Of course if the water is high, stay away like you would any flooding stream.

To continue the hike, continue southwest on the Granny Burrell Falls trail on the left side of the falls. For the next little while, the trail is steep, very rooty, very muddy, and snakes up and down through the thick rhododendron. It moderates a good bit as it picks up an old road bed and begins following the creek upstream once again. The creek has a few small cascades and chutes above Granny Burrel falls, but then it is tranquil and calm as it enters another nearly level valley above the discourse.

You'll reach the intersection with the Great Wall trail (#489), which is another old road bed. Turn right here. You'll immediately come to a crossing of Panthertown Creek, and it might possibly be a rock-hop if the water is down. But you may have to wade if it is up, and if it is very high, you won't be able to cross at all. This begins the optional out-and-back portion of the hike to Frolictown and Wilderness Falls - you'll return to this point later on, so keep that in mind if the crossing is a pain.

Frolictown Falls
Frolictown Falls, the next stop beyond Granny Burrel.

The trail swings left after the crossing, is muddy and rocky at first, then begins climbing moderately on a smoother path through a rich hardwood forest. After a steeper climb you'll reach the junction with the Deep Gap trail (#449), which goes sharply right and straight ahead. Continue straight on the Deep Gap trail and start descending again toward Frolictown Creek.

The trail crosses Frolictown Creek directly above 15 ft Frolictown Falls. But you can't see anything from the top and it's dangerous to try. So shortly before the creek crossing, look for the Wilderness Falls trail (#490) on the right. Now, turn left and look directly across from it to find the side path which descends to the base of Frolictown Falls. When you're done enjoying the falls, return to the Deep Gap trail and go straight across it onto the Wilderness Falls trail.

The Wilderness Falls trail starts slightly uphill on a narrow, twisty path. It passes a neat, large hemlock tree at one point. The undergrowth consists largely of doghobble in this area. A few small seeps and muddy bogs will slow you down, but the trail is not terribly difficult (my 3 year old daughter did it in August 2012) and becomes considerably smoother as it picks up an old road bed after a short distance.

The trail leaves the road bed gets twisty again, going up, around, over, and through hummocks and clumps of rhododendron. It starts following a small tributary which will be on the left, and the tributary is the stream below Wilderness Falls. The path climbs considerably just before the falls and a very steep scramble is required to reach the base, where there is a decent view. It's a high, steep slide on a small stream but well worth the effort required to see it.

Wilderness Falls
Next stop: Wilderness Falls!

When you're done at this waterfall, turn around and go back down the Wilderness Falls trail to the Deep Gap trail again. Turn left, then bear right (downhill) at the Great Wall trail to descend back to the rock-hop/wade of Panthertown Creek you made earlier. Pass the Granny Burrell Falls trail on your left to resume the loop portion of the hike.

The Great Wall trail now takes you in to a very flat portion of the valley below Big Green Mountain. On the right, a large shelter with a tin roof will appear under some white pines. The trail past this is nearly level, smooth, and easy. To the left and high above you, the sheer 300 ft cliffs of Big Green mountain - the Great Wall of Panthertown - loom above you, and you'll have occasional views of them through the trees (more so in the winter). An obvious path leads 100 yards left to the base of the cliffs just past the shelter and makes a nice side option. Continue on the Great Wall trail, crossing a few small side branches.

Just beyond a crossing of a larger tributary, the trail makes a 90-degree left turn into a grassy area and becomes much narrower. This portion of the trail is also quite steep and rough. It twists through the vegetation, generally following the tributary upstream and crossing it at a difficult spot once. Above the crossing, a couple of sections are very steep. Luckily, this trail is fairly short, and the Forest Service may be about to improve some sections of this trail (or already has based on the orange tape I saw on my last trip).

The trail climbs into a gap (cresting 4000 ft in elevation near the top) and intersects the Big Green trail (#447) - which is much wider, another overgrown old road bed. To the left, the Big Green trail goes 0.6 mi (1.2 mi round-trip) and up 160 ft to the top of Big Green Mountain. This is an optional side trip for this hike. The views are fantastic but of course best enjoyed on a day that's not foggy or hazy. If you had the energy to take the side trail, return to the intersection with the Great Wall trail and continue straight. Otherwise, turn right.

The Big Green trail swings left around a knob and climbs gently to a small gap, then begins descending. The trail is somewhat overgrown along this section, but it is still obvious and should be receiving more use and maintenance these days. It passes through mostly open woods, but also through a recently cut area with short sourwood trees, patches of mountain laurel, and crackly lichens covering the soil. Just past this area, you'll reach another intersection - with Mac's Gap trail (#482).

To the left, Mac's Gap trail heads back down between Little and Big Green Mountains, and winds up at Granny Burrell Falls (and the wooden bridge you crossed earlier). The unofficial path to the right is a dead-end. Straight across is also Mac's Gap trail - take that.

This section is less overgrown and more heavily traveled as it descends gently. The trail will get to a deeply eroded spot, merge with a small stream on the right and sort of cross it at a slight angle - right at a sloping, solid rock. If this hasn't been re-routed or fixed by the time you get here, use caution: it can be very slick! Continue on Mac's Gap trail again after the crossing, which will cross another tributary before coming to Greenland Creek.

Greenland Creek is sizeable. You can either wade the creek, or you can head up a small scramble path to the right to attempt a rock hop. There usually aren't enough rocks here to be successful, but on occasion someone takes the time to line some up. If the water is moderately high it may be a wade either way. If the water is very high, this crossing may be impassible - so keep that in mind if planning this hike in rainy weather.

Once across, you'll enter a clearing and junction with Greenland Creek trail (#488). To the left is both Mac's Gap and Greenland Creek trails; to the right is a narrower extension of Greenland Creek trail heading upstream. Take that to begin another out-and-back extension to the last waterfall on the hike.

Find Greenland Creek Trail entering the pine woods to the right and follow it to Greenland Creek Falls. The trail starts on a wet old road bed above Greenland Creek, but then starts twisting through the rhododendron and mountain laurel in a flat valley. It crosses a couple of small branches, and gets very muddy in places. You'll start to hear the falls soon. Like a grand finale, the trail spits you out onto a jumble of rocks across the pool from the base of this beautiful 60-foot, two-level cascade - my personal favorite in the valley.

Greenland Creek Falls
My favorite: Greenland Creek Falls.

Here is a place I never get tired of. The falls isn't particularly high, or powerful, but for me it's just the right amount of both. The water is crystal-clear save for the tea-colored tannin stain. There are plenty of rounded boulders to sit on and explore, and they are clean, smooth granite. In the fall, the trees blaze with color and leaves swirl around in the riffles and pools. I could spend an entire day here before I know it.

When you've had enough (or run out of time like I always do), head back down the twisty Greenland Creek trail to the small clearing, then take Mac's Gap trail (pretty much straight ahead but slightly to the right). The trail ascends gently on a wide old road bed which will eventually pass beneath the high-tension power line. Just beyond that, the trail will climb a short, steep bank, level out, and pop out on the road to the parking area. Turn left and walk 200 feet or so back to your car to finish the hike.

As you can see from the map above, this is just one potential loop out of a number of trips you could make through the Panthertown Valley. For example, you could cut the loop in half by taking Green Valley and more of Mac's Gap trails, or add the waterfalls near Devil's Elbow and Riding Ford trails to make the hike even longer and more challenging. You'll probably want to visit the valley more than once to take in everything, though, and we think this loop should make a good starter route for an initial visit.

Hike Landmarks

Mile Directions
0.0 Start by taking the Panthertown Valley trail uphill to the right at the sign board.
0.1 Footbridge. Turn left on gravel road.
0.3 Sign board. Go straight.
0.45 Relay station on right. Road switches back left.
0.6 Road switches back right.
0.8 Side trail enters from R. Stay straight.
1.2 Footbridge over Greenland Creek. Turn left just past the bridge onto Little Green trail to Schoolhouse Falls
1.3 Schoolhouse Falls. Return to Panthertown Valley trail.
1.4 Back at Panthertown Valley trail. Turn left.
1.8 Footbridge over Panthertown Creek. Trail angles left. Good campsite. Keep L at junction with Powerline trail
1.9 Sandbar Pool is on Panthertown Creek on the left.
2.4 White pine plantation.
2.7 A tiny, wet-weather sliding waterfall is on the right.
2.8 Panthertown Valley trail begins a steeper climb. Turn left onto Mac's Gap trail after a short portion of the climb and head downhill through pines.
2.8 Cross Panthertown Creek on a wide old bridge. Turn right on Granny Burrell Falls trail. You can hear a waterfall upstream.
3.0 Come out at Granny Burrell Falls. Continue on Granny Burrell Falls trail after viewing falls; it gets rough and climbs above the upper drop.
3.2 Trail gets much easier on an old roadbed. Very muddy in places.
3.4 Intersection with Great Wall trail. Turn right; wade or rockhop Panthertown Creek.
3.7 Intersection with Deep gap trail. Salt Rock is a hard right. Go straight/left, downhill, on Deep Gap trail.
3.75 Just before road crosses Frolictown Creek, take side trail on L to reach base of 15 ft Frolictown Falls. Return to the Deep Gap trail and take Wilderness Falls trail, which is now straight ahead across the Deep Gap trail.
4.15 High waterfall to the L; scramble to base. Return to Deep Gap trail at falls on Frolictown Creek.
4.45 Back at Deep Gap trail and falls on Frolictown Creek. Turn left.
4.6 Back to Great Wall trail; bear right, downhill.
4.9 Back to crossing of Panthertown Creek. Pass Granny Burrell Falls trail on left; continue straight on Great Wall trail.
4.95 Pass a trail shelter on the right. Continue across small open area to pick up Great Wall trail again.
5.0 Side path leads left 100 yards to base of cliffs on Big Green Mountain. Continue straight on Great Wall trail.
5.7 Cross small branch; trail makes a 90 degree left hand turn and gets much narrower. Begin steep rough climb.
6.1 Top of steep climb and intersection with Big Green trail. Optional side hike L on Big Green trail leads 0.6 miles to top of Big Green mountain and great view (1.2 mi RT). Return to Great Wall trail and keep left on Big Green trail.
6.6 Descend to small gap and intersection with Mac's gap trail. Go straight/right (not left) on Mac's Gap.
7.0 Slippery creek crossing.
7.2 Easy creek crossing.
7.3 Wade Greenland Creek and enter small clearing. Pick up Greenland Creek Falls trail on the right.
7.7 Twisty trail comes out at Greenland Creek Falls. Return to clearing and Mac's Gap trail.
8.1 Back at clearing and Mac's Gap trail. Take Mac's Gap trail straight ahead and to the right, uphill.
8.6 Cross under power lines.
8.7 Reach road. Turn left to get back to your vehicle.
8.8 Finish.

Map

Green highlight indicates the route to follow within the trail network for this hike.

Tip: Printing this map? You can pan and zoom the map as desired before printing to show the area you need.

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Comments

Susan said: We are planning a trip this Saturday and was wondering, with these directions, will this hit all the waterfalls in the park? We are waterfall/hiking junkies and this would be by far surpass our record of 9 falls in 1 day. I really am hoping to get a reply before Saturday, I seen the last comment was July of last year.
Tuesday, February 7 2017 8:56pm
Jordan M. said: @Jo-Dee Collins: whoops, sorry about that! You're right, it's a left turn. I've fixed that in the mileage chart!
Tuesday, July 26 2016 1:45am
Jo-Dee Collins said: I just did this hike on Tuesday, July 19th, 2016. What an amazing hike!!! I highly recommend it. the only comment I would make on the directions is.. the lengthy description (with all the lovely photos) is spot on.. I would just print off the map and mark all the trail numbers.. I however, printed off both map and mileage directions. You will notice that at mile 1.2 the directions say to turn right right after the foot bridge.. this is not correct, you turn left, which is stated in the longer hike description. I should have known it was a left, since the map shows that.. but I instead followed the directions... so we missed school house falls.. but we returned the next day on our way out, and found it.. since it would only be a 2.6 mile RT... and I am sure happy we did.. what a beautiful sight. I believe the next time I do this hike, I will do it in reverse and bring my camping gear and end the hike at schoolhouse, set up camp, frolic in the pool and have an easy 1.3 mile hike out to the car.. Thanks for this wonderful trip!!
Thursday, July 21 2016 4:38pm
Mark R said: What a great hike. Started early on Friday morning and only saw a couple of folks the whole trip. Very peaceful day in a beautiful setting. To Chris F. This was a day hike for me and my dog. We spent 10-15 minutes at each falls and took the side hike. We completed it in 5 1/2 hours. We moved at a pretty good pace so figure 7-9 hours taking two 1 hour breaks.
Sunday, May 1 2016 2:22am
Chris F. said: Can someone give me a timeframe for how long the trip would take with maybe two one hour stops?
Monday, March 28 2016 3:53am
Trip said: My fiancé and I just did a backpacking trip at Panthertown and it is one of our new favorite spots. We came in from the west entrance which is a pretty quick decent in to the valley but as we all know that means a steep climb to get out so be prepared for a climb the last .75 miles or so. Once down in the valley the trail levels off and becomes pretty easy. There are plenty of camping spots along Panthertown creek. I suggest anywhere in this area, with a little exploring you can find some great waterfront sites. Camping here allows you to spend the rest of your time exploring the other greats trails off the PVT and all the waterfalls you care to enjoy. We will definitely be returning to Panthertown.
Sunday, April 26 2015 2:58pm
Alex Smith said: I just finished reading this article, and I am trying to plan a backpacking trip in this area. Would I be able to camp along this trail? Thanks
Wednesday, March 25 2015 3:16am
Teresa said: WoW! What a great trail. I followed this description backwards. Thanks for posting it. It was leisurely and beautiful. This definitely hit the high points. This is a well traveled area and met many people.
Sunday, October 19 2014 12:56am
Jeanna said: This is certainly a more thorough description than existed when I started hiking PT in 1999. Back then, Carlton was still alive and would take you on a personal tour. The only way you knew how to navigate was by going with someone who knew the area. It is one of the most diverse backpacking trips I have ever been on- ranging from wild blueberries, bumping into ecologist studying Pitcher plants or Sundew, the White Pine forest, the abundance of water features. This is my "go-to" place to take all new backpackers. There used to be a trail that followed a stream uphill. And when I say followed, I mean, you had to wear gators. Does anyone know which trail I'm talking about? I have never been able to find after my first trip in 1999. I want to think that it may eventually cross over a private property boundary to a mountain "alter". Anyone familiar with that trail?
Wednesday, September 10 2014 5:52pm
joe said: do you need to reserve the shelter?
Sunday, June 22 2014 11:47am
EM said: We hiked this loop a couple of years ago- before any maps or trail markings. I don't think the directions were too vague at all. In fact, that was a part of the thrill. We took two days to do it, enjoying each falls for a couple of hours as we passed them. I have saved this link and have suggested it other overs multiple times over the years.
Tuesday, May 27 2014 9:45pm
Todd Ransom said: Great post Jordan! If any of you would like to learn more about Panthertown Valley you can check put my book Waterfalls of Panthertown Valley. It covers 20 waterfalls, a dozen camp sites, and much more! http://flickinamazing.com/panthertown/
Sunday, May 18 2014 1:11pm
ALyssa Riggan said: We just hiked this hike this weekend (March 3, 2014), the forestry service has fixed the really bad parts of the trail on Great Wall going to Big Green Trail...the Big Green Trail is not fully described here. We found that there were tons of false trails on this trail. We found a great view on top of the Great Wall by taking a right at the first fork, a right at the second fork, and a left at the third fork. On the way back, we had a few issues staying on the path and once almost went off at another fork that we didn't see going. It was very well marked (besides that) and easy to find all the trails. Like JF said, take the other map with you. We had to pull up this site and the other map to ensure we stayed on track even though we had written down the trail names, we didn't have the distances on each trail and needed help, but this site helped a lot. Thanks! It was beautiful!
Monday, March 3 2014 2:51am
MT said: I fix a quick scan of the writs up. Are you kidding me? I started hiking PT in '07. There were no fancy maps such as this or the other one the mentioned. There was a pamphlet written by an outfitter that had a pencil drawn map. He purpossly didnt reveal all the trails so you would have to hire him to see them. There were no trail signs at all. All that bridge work hadn't been done yet. it took me around 6 times scouting to find this route.
Monday, June 10 2013 9:01am
Jordan M. said: Thanks for the comments. We know some of the descriptions are vague, and we've been waiting for the official trail designations and maintenance sessions to clear things up a bit before a re-write. Sounds like it's time!
Tuesday, September 18 2012 3:14am
JF said: Although this is a thorough write up, it is often vague. The trails all have excellent signage with names and numbers now, and the landmarks mentioned in the write up are sometimes confusing. Use this map: http://panthertown.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/panthertownlatest_june22_0911x17_usemap.pdf It will help lots! Overall it was a decent hike, but so much of it is spent going trough thick forests and dense rhododendron that there aren't very many things to see. The creeks/rivers are beautiful, as are the first and the last waterfall. I recommend skipping the others.
Saturday, June 23 2012 8:01pm
Christina said: this tour writeup would be MUCH more helpful if statements like "Trails/Roads Used: Many; as of now all are unnamed." would clarify exactly when "now" was (by including a date so the reader will know if "now" was a week ago or 3 years ago). I'd love to hike Panthertown Valley but all resources I've found are undated.
Monday, May 28 2012 4:23pm
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